Monday, May 25, 2020

Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect Essay example

Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect Human induced climate change resulting from an enhanced greenhouse effect is probably the greatest environmental threat facing the world today. Specifically, the emission of greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide may be classified as the primary culprit. As a result of greenhouse gases entering the upper levels of the earths atmosphere, it diminishes or breaks down the earths Ozone layer. With this loss of this protective blanket, harmful radioactive rays from the sun enter the deeper into the earths atmosphere. This creates a rise in the overall temperature of our planet, along with alterations in the global environment, ecosystems and way of life for the habitants of earth. The earth†¦show more content†¦I think a considerable measure that can be taken would be to address the threat of climate change to the main international countries contributing to it. I think all countries should discuss and create a solution to minimize the atmospheric concentrations of greenhouse gases at a level that would prevent dangerous interference with the earthsà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ climate change. Such a level should be achieved within a timeframe sufficient to allow ecosystems to adapt naturally to climate change, to ensure food production is not threatened and to allow economic development to proceed in a sustainable manner. One example of this in our world today is the use of à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Green Buildingà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬? technology or à ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã…“Sustainable Designà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬? in architectural design of structures. This innovative idea of building allows structures to be built using recycled materials or substances that are less harmful to the environment. The e fficient use of light and energy would be the most concentrated means of achieving a specific design goal. Aside from the political and legal measures taken in this matter, I feel companies need to undertake voluntary measures to address the climate change. As residents of earth, it is essential to be aware of the impacts onesà ¢Ã¢â€š ¬Ã¢â€ž ¢ company is generating. A company should measure their greenhouse gas emission and assess the impacts of these gases from their products. Companies should also try toShow MoreRelatedGlobal Warming And The Greenhouse Effect1588 Words   |  7 PagesGlobal warming is the increase in the average surface temperature of the Earth due to the effect of the buildup of greenhouse gases, due to deforestation and burning fossil fuels which causes the heat to be trapped that would otherwise escape from the earth. To understand global warming, you need to understand the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is actually essential for life on earth to exist as it allows the planet to remain warm enough to sustain life. For example if we consider forRead MoreThe Greenhouse Effect And Global Warming1723 Words   |  7 PagesThe greenhouse effect and global warming are issues that are talked about by geologists all the time. The greenhouse effect is a natural process that keeps the earth at temperatures that are livable. Energy from the sun warms the earth when its heat rays are absorbed by greenhouse gasses and become trapped in the atmosphere. Some of the most common greenhouse gasses are water vapor, carbon dioxide, and methane. If there were no greenhouse gasses, very few rays would be absorbed and the earthRead MoreGlobal Warming and the Greenhouse Effect1974 Words   |  8 PagesThe Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming Recently, global warming has moved to a serious scientific issue. Because sunlight is constantly falling on the earth, the law of physics say that the planet has to radiate the same amount of energy back into space. Infrared radiation is sent out by the earth through the atmosphere, where molecules (carbon dioxide) hold outgoing radiation for a while, warming the surface.1 The molecules are kind of like glass in a greenhouse which is why this processRead MoreThe Effects Of Global Warming On The Greenhouse Effect1917 Words   |  8 PagesThe Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect is the result of the interaction of the atmosphere of a world and the radiation emitted from the Sun and planet. This process essentially makes a world warmer that it would be. As we will learn in this chapter there are many factors that determine the strength of a world’s greenhouse effect including a world’s size, the world’s distance from the Sun and the strength of a world’s magnetic field. Before you can learn about the factors that influence the greenhouseRead MoreGlobal Warming and the Greenhouse Effect Essays793 Words   |  4 Pages What is the greenhouse effect? It is the behavior of solar radiation when it interacts with gasses in the Earths atmosphere. The Sun gives off a wide spectrum of energy which we classify according to its wavelength. Among the types of energy given off by the sun are ultraviolet (UV), visible and infrared (IR) wavelengths. UV is short wavelength high-energy radiation, visible is mid-wavelength, mid-energy radiation, and IR is long wavelength low-energy radiation. Read MoreEssay on Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect 1500 Words   |  6 Pages Global Warming is due to the greenhouse effect. The greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring process that aids in heating the Earths surface and atmosphere. It results from the fact that certain atmospheric gases, such as carbon dioxide, water vapor, and methane, are able to change the energy balance of the planet by being able to absorb longwave radiation from the Earths surface. Without the greenhouse effect, life on this planet would probably not exist as the averageRead MoreEssay on Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect1912 Words   |  8 PagesGlobal Warming and the Greenhouse Effect   Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Ã‚  Recently, global warming has moved to a serious scientific issue. Because sunlight is constantly falling on the earth, the law of physics say that the planet has to radiate the same amount of energy back into space. Infrared radiation is sent out by the earth through the atmosphere, where molecules (carbon dioxide) hold outgoing radiation for a while, warming the surface.1 The molecules are kind of like glass in a greenhouse which is why this processRead More Global Warming and the Greenhouse Effect Essay591 Words   |  3 PagesGlobal Warming and the Greenhouse Effect The greenhouse effect, in environmental science, is a popular term for the effect that certain variable constituents of the Earths lower atmosphere have on surface temperatures. It has been known since 1896 that Earth has been warmed by a blanket of gasses (This is called the greenhouse effect.). The gases--water vapor (H2O), carbon dioxide (CO2), and methane (CH4)--keep ground temperatures at a global average of about 15 degrees C (60 degrees F). WithoutRead MoreEssay on The Greenhouse Effect and Global Warming1837 Words   |  8 PagesThe greenhouse effect is an important phenomenon and is currently holding national and international attention. Why is there an interest in the effect? Why are people willing to invest so much time and effort investigating its consequences and willing to suffer by them? What is the basis for believing the effect is real? The greenhouse effect is a naturally occurring process, which is initiated by the sun. It is a result of the fact that there are gases in the Earth’s atmosphere which containRead MoreThe Effects Of Greenhouse Gases On Global Warming Essay3424 Words   |  14 Pages Diagram A is a visual representation of the greenhouse effect and the role greenhouse gases play in this greenhouse effect. How do greenhouse gases in the atmosphere affect global warming? Many of the greenhouse gases in the troposphere are naturally produced, which is why the Earth is able to stay at a constant average global temperature. Carbon dioxide is the main greenhouse gas in which is affecting global warming, not because of naturally produced carbon dioxide, but mainly because of man

Thursday, May 14, 2020

Great Expectations By Charles Dickens - 1278 Words

Great Expectations is a suspenseful novel that was crafted by Charles Dickens. It encompasses an orphaned-low class boy, Pip, and his journey to adulthood. His childhood surrounds his aspirations to one day be a gentlemen. Throughout the novel, Pip encounters several events and faces a variety of people who all shape the person he is. Teeter-tottering between expectations vs reality, right vs wrong, and revenge vs reward, Great Expectations amplifies the struggles that an orphaned boy encountered on his way to love and success. In the novel, Pip befriends Miss Havisham. She is a lonesome, jilted bride who plays a dramatic role in Pip’s life, that is, she initiated his hopes of becoming a gentlemen. Throughout Great Expectations, it is†¦show more content†¦Some of the windows had been walled up; of those that remained, all the lower were rustily barred† (Dickens 55). This justifies that Miss Havisham willingly secludes herself from others. She confines herself i n her mansion because she believes if she does, she will not be hurt again. Another Neurotic Need that Miss Havisham displays in the uncontrollable desire to control others, specifically Estella. That girl (Estella) is hard and haughty and capricious to the last degree, and has been brought up by Miss Havisham to wreak revenge on all the male sex.† (Dickens 186). With this quote said by Herbert, he is amplifying the hatred that Miss Havisham has for men. She is so damaged and heart-broken because of what a man had done to her, so she seeks revenge. She manipulates and controls Estella to torture and hurt other men. Considering the previous, it is reasonable to suggest that Miss Havisham potentially suffers from Neurosis. It is also a possibility that Miss Havisham is affected by Emotional Deprivation Disorder. This is a disorder in which an individual exhibits severe anxiety and low self-esteem due to the lack of emotional support and strength from a spouse. â€Å"Emotional Deprivation Disorder† For the duration of the story, Miss Havisham displays inferiority by unconsciously believing that she will never have another lover again. To support her mental stupor, Miss Havisham has difficulty opening up to people and letting them in. She constantly doubtsShow MoreRelatedGreat Expectations By Charles Dickens1113 Words   |  5 Pagesadventures that the male characters go on. This seems to be relevant in a lot of movies and books like the story Great Expectations by Charles Dickens. In Great Expectations there are multiple female characters like Estella, Biddy, and Miss Havisham who all play a large part in the main character, Pip’s life. One of the first that we meet the character Estella in Charles Dickens’ Great Expectations is when Pip goes to Miss Havisham’s to play with her. The two kids play the game beggar my neighbor when EstellaRead MoreGreat Expectations By Charles Dickens1347 Words   |  6 Pagespoor status of the economy, social mobility does not seem to be occurring at high rates, with the poor getting poorer and rich getting richer. Despite this, social mobility is alive and well, and has been for centuries. In his novel, Great Expectations, Charles Dickens voices the concerns of many that lived in Victorian England during the 19th century by promoting such a desire to live life in a more prosperous social class. One of the most fundamental and reoccurring themes in the novel is that ofRead MoreGreat Expectations By Charles Dickens1426 Words   |  6 Pages Twelve-year-old Charles dickens gets ready for bed after a long day at the blacking house. These Victorian-aged memories will provide him with many ideas for his highly acclaimed novel Great Expectations. Set in 1830 England, Great Expectations is a coming-of-age story about a common innocent boy named Pip and his road to becoming a gentleman through the influence of others. Pip is influenced both positively and negatively by Estella, Herbert, and Magwitch. Estella left a huge impression on PipRead MoreGreat Expectations by Charles Dickens984 Words   |  4 PagesCharles Dickens utilizes his life for inspiration for the protagonist Pip in his novel Great Expectations. They both struggle with their social standing. Dickens loved plays and theatre and therefore incorporated them into Pip’s life. Dickens died happy in the middle class and Pip died happy in the middle class. The connection Dickens makes with his life to Pip’s life is undeniable. If readers understand Dickens and his upbringing then readers can understand how and why he created Pip’s upbringingRead MoreCharles Dickens Great Expectations943 Words   |  4 Pages This is true in many cases but none as much as in Great Expectations. In many ways the narrator/protagonist Pip is Charles Dickens in body and mind. While there are many differences between the story and Charles Dickens life there remains one constant. This constant is the way Pip as the narra tor feels, because these feelings are Dickens s own feelings about the life he lead. Since Great Expectations was written towards end of Charles Dickens life, he was wiser and able to make out the mistakesRead MoreGreat Expectations By Charles Dickens1375 Words   |  6 PagesGreat Expectations by Charles Dickens and The Talented Mr Ripley by Anthony Minghella present similar criticisms of society to a large extent. Both of these texts consider the criticisms of rich social contexts (wealth and status), societal morality (whether a society is good or not. Status [can lead to the wrong people being in a high position i.e. making bad decisions affecting the community/society] Appearance [society appears to be moral/good (if you’re from a higher status) {dickens criticisesRead MoreCharles Dickens Great Expectations1223 Words   |  5 PagesBeloved author Charles Dickens was born on February 7, 1812 in Portsmouth, England. Growing up in a life of poverty, his childhood hardshi ps provided the inspiration to write a myriad of classic novels including his 1861 seminole masterpiece, Great Expectations (â€Å"BBC History - Charles Dickens†). Great Expectations follows the life of an orphan named Pip, who’s perspective of the world is altered when he is attacked by an escaped convict in his parents’ graveyard in the town of Kent. Throughout hisRead MoreGreat Expectations By Charles Dickens924 Words   |  4 Pagesa character driven novel, or a mix of the two. In order for a novel to be character driven, it must revolve more around the characters’ individual thoughts, feelings, and inner struggles, rather than around the quest of the story. Great Expectations, by Charles Dickens, is a character driven novel. While the story does have a plot, it is not contingent upon that plot, but rather is reliant upon its characters and their natures. This is evident from the beginning of the novel. From the opening ofRead MoreCharles Dickens Great Expectations1669 Words   |  7 PagesCharles Dickens He was one of England s greatest authors of the 1800 s, better known as the Victorian era. The various themes and ideas of that time are perfectly showcased in his many novels and short stories, such as Nicholas Nickelby, Great Expectations, Oliver Twist, A Tale of Two Cities, and A Christmas Carol. Much of the inspiration for these works came from the trials and conflicts that he dealt with in his own life. His volumes of fictional writing show the greatRead MoreCharles Dickens Great Expectations1017 Words   |  5 Pagesexperiencer is somewhere else absorbing knowledge of a different setting.This abstract adventure is seized by author Charles Dickens in Great Expectations. Great Expectations is historical fiction giving readers comprehension of the Victorian Era.Upon the reading, readers begin to catch on the intended purpose and its significance. A person who lived during the Victorian Era was Charles Dickens himself.He grew up during a time where differences in social class were to an extreme degree.Dickens went through

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Advertising Impact on Society - 1190 Words

Advertising’s impact on Society Marshall McLuhan, a Canadian philosopher of communication theory said, â€Å"Advertising is the greatest art form of the 20th century.† Like many works of art, advertising is constantly pushing the limits of what is appropriate. It is hard to escape the constant bombardment of advertisements; they are all around us and they have an impact on our cultural values as a society. Industries take full advantage of this constant exposure in order to sell their products, so as a result advertisements are pushing the envelope even further to catch the attention of its viewers. According to Jean Kilbourne, creator of the acclaimed documentary Killing Us Softly, â€Å"over a $180 billion are now spent on advertising in the U.S. and the average person sees over 3,000 ads daily† (Kilbourne). Sex and consumption have become overtly connected in many of the advertisements seen today. This Skyy Vodka ad is an excellent example of the inappropriate nature of advertisements and the neg ative affect they have on society. The SKYY Vodka advertisement that is featured in Maxim Magazine is not only selling alcohol it is selling the concept of sexuality through images of sexual innuendo. There is nothing subtle about the message behind this advertisement. The image depicts a bottle of dark blue Skyy infusions All Natural Cherry vodka against a bright red background. The bottle is placed between two women, one Caucasian and the other African American. From what we can gatherShow MoreRelatedAdvertising And Its Impact On Society1178 Words   |  5 Pagescomes to advertising these differences are not put aside, especially in terms of gender and race. According to Schroeder Borgerson (1998), advertising is quite significant when influencing, building and illustrating consumers vision of the good life, which includes sexual attraction. Domzal Kernan (1993), added that, advertising images represent an essential part of the experienced visua l world. Reality and advertising are notRead MoreRole of Advertising and its impact on society.2376 Words   |  10 Pagespractice of advertising have been reshaping the society people live in. The force of advertising reaches out and touches everyone living and working in the modern world today. Advertising is claimed by its practitioners to be largely responsible for the good things in life and is criticized by its opponents as the cause of unpleasant things (Lee Johnson, 1999). The impact of advertising on the society is a fiercely debated topic, and has been ever since the conception of advertising in its mostRead MoreAdvertising Has A Impact On Society Essay1938 Words   |  8 PagesAdvertising has had a major impact on society. Some may be considered positive and some negative. Take a look around, advertisements are placed everywhere, television commercials, billboards, newspapers, and even on the sides of buses. Advertising is the basic form of marketing and trading throug hout the world. Today’s society knows it as marketers trying to influence or persuade consumers into buying something. It also serves as a medium for services and businesses. There are many advertising strategiesRead More Impact of Advertising on American Society Essay examples1557 Words   |  7 PagesImpact of Advertising on American Society American society has changed drastically over the past years and some people say advertisements reflect the society that we live in now. Advertising in our society encourages unhealthy habits, focuses in on our weaknesses and leads us to believe that we are materialistic. Advertisements can also change our vision of reality and makes us believe the impossible. Advertisements use sexual and racial stereotypes to help sell their products. People in ourRead MoreThe Impact of Mass Media Advertising on Society Essay examples968 Words   |  4 Pagesthrough the use of mass medium and it is nearly impossible to escape the invasion of advertising. Continuous exposure to advertisements has indeed impacted numerous consumers, in which most of them are unaware to the situation and companies are taking advantage of this by allocating big budget to improve and develop advertisements solely to persuade consumer’s preferences toward their brand or product. Advertising has been specifically linked as the main cause of obesity and anorexia, alcohol andRead MoreThe Impact Of Advertising On Women And Showing The Negative Prospects Of Society1465 Words   |  6 PagesAliza Durvesh Professor Miller-Waters English 1301 November 23, 2015 Advertising â€Å"Advertising may be described as the science of arresting the human mind long enough to get money from it† –Stephen Butter Leacock. The invention of television in 1920s changed the advertising game forever. Many good things came from this like the fact that advertising has made it much easier for companies to reach larger audience but it has encouraged many unethical behaviors from the media. One major example of thisRead MoreThe Impact Of Advertising On Society s Image Based Culture1972 Words   |  8 PagesThe Impact of Advertisements We see advertisements surround us each day from commercials to billboards and fliers. Have you ever wondered about how advertisements attract consumers? I will discuss the impact of advertisements have on consumers in an image-based culture. My topic is related to ethics course and is under chapter seven part two Persuasion in Advertising. In this chapter the authors of the Media Ethics Cases and Moral Reasoning book discuss Advertising in an Image-Based Culture, includingRead MoreCritique on Advertising in Our Society1034 Words   |  5 PagesCritique On Advertising In Our Society A critique on the impact of advertising in our society. Consider visuals and verbal or written language. (1000 words) The impact of advertising on our society is a fiercely debated topic, and has been ever since the conception of advertising in its most basic form. There are negative and positive social and economic impacts upon society from advertising in its various forms. For instance, advertising promoting public welfare has a positive social impact uponRead More Advertising: the good and bad Essay1193 Words   |  5 Pages Advertising is a persuasive communication attempt to change or reinforce one’s prior attitude that is predictable of future behavior. We are not born with the attitudes for which we hold toward various things in our environment. Instead, we learn our feelings of favorability or unfavorability through information about the object through advertising or direct experience with the object, or some combination of the two. Furthermore, the main aim of advertising is to ‘persuade’ to consumer in orderRead MoreAdvertising1204 Words   |  5 Pagesï » ¿Impact Of Advertising Impact based advertising is a form of advertising designed to have a lasting psychological effect on viewers so they will remember the product or vendor. This approach can help advertising produce the greatest results for a given expenditure. Impact based advertising is often contrasted with impression based advertising, which is focused on the number of times that an ad is seen and does not differentiate between segments of the audience. Impact-based advertising seeks to

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Business Analysis

Questions: 1.Outline the Method used in Presenting the Statement of Cash Flows for each Company. 2.Examine the information in relation to cash flow from operating activities, Cash Flow from Investing activities and cash flow from Financing activities 3.Based on the analysis, you are required to make Conclusions and recommendation. 3.a.Which Business would you expect to be a better short-term credit risk. 3.b.Do you think both Companies have adequate Cash resources? 3.c.Assess both Companies ability to survive in the longer term. 3.d.Which Company is better at generating cash from their Sales Revenue? Answers: 1.The direct method which is being applied for presenting a statement of cash flows represents specified cash flows regarding the items which affect cash flow. The main advantage which can be attained through application of the direct method is that it reveals operating cash and receipts. The same is not available in the indirect method. JB Hi- Fi The company has applied the direct method of cash flow statement in for presenting cash flows relating to the company in the annual report. Further, reconciliation statement regarding net cash inflow from operating activities has been appropriately provided in the annual report of the company. Figure 1: Reconciliation statement of net cash inflow from operating activities to profit (Source: Annual report of JB HI FI, 2016) Harvey Norman Harvey Norman Holdings Ltd has also applied the direct method for presenting cash flows relating to operating, financing and investing activities in the annual report of the company. Further, reconciliation statement relating to cash and cash equivalents available at the end of the year as well as a reconciliation of profit after income tax to net operating cash flows has been provided in an appropriate manner. It can be concluded that Harvey Norman Ltd has presented the reconciliation in the more appropriate manner in comparison to JB Hi-Fi by providing a reconciliation of cash and cash equivalents at the end of the year. Figure 2: Notes Accounts of Cash Flow Statement (Source: Annual report of Harvey Norman, 2016) 2.JB Hi- Fi Analysis of Cash Flow Statement JB Hi Fi has applied the direct method in order to present cash flow statement in its annual report. Further, reconciliation statement regarding net cash inflow from operating profits has been provided in notes to accounts in an appropriate manner (Brigham and Ehrhardt, 2013). However, reconciliation relating to cash and cash equivalent balance has not been provided in detail, rather the same has been explained by way of a note in notes to accounts of financial statements. Other than this point, all the activities relating to financing, investing and operating have been appropriately bifurcated and presented in cash flow statement in annual report Table 1: Trend of cash flow from operating activities Year 2016 2015 2014 Cash Flow from operating activities $185.14 million $179.89 million $41.326 million Year JB Hi- Fi Liquidity Ratios Working Capital Ratio 1.57 Cash Flow Adequacy 1.21 Work Capital Ratio: The ratio assesses the relationship between current assets and current liabilities. In case of JB Hi-Fi in accordance with ratio evaluation, it can be concluded that sufficient current assets are available to the company to pay off or accomplish current liabilities of the organization. Cash Flow Adequacy Ratio: The ratio analysis the ability of the company to meet its future debt obligations. For assessing the same free cash flows available to the company are divided by long term debts which will mature over next five years (Annual report of JB HI FI, 2016). The above analysis concludes that JB Hi-Fi has adequate funds in order to pay off its long term debts. Company Name JB Hi- Fi Solvency Ratio Debt to Total Assets 0.06 Debt coverage ratio 3.73 Debt to Total Asset Ratio: The specified ratio assesses the extent of solvency of the company. In case this ratio is high, the company is deemed risky and high leveraged organization. In the present scenario, as the ratio is .6 which means 60 % of the assets is financed through debt (Chandrasekaran, Manimannan and Kumar, 2013). Although the risk framework is evaluated and analyzed with input from senior management for identifying and managing risk in an appropriate manner, the same required to be done with more efficiency so that the ratio can be improved and risk relating to same can be reduced. Debt Coverage Ratio: The ratio represents the ability of a company to pay off its debts. JB Hi-Fi is having higher debt coverage ratio, which can be said the strength of the organization. Thus, it can be concluded that appropriate revenues are available in order to pay off the existing debt obligation of the organization. Company Name JB Hi- Fi Profitability Ratios Cash Flow to Sales ratio 0.05 Cash Flow to Sales Ratio In the present case of JB Hi-Fi, as the cash flow to sales ratio is 0.05; which specifies that .05 cent of operating cash flow is generated through every sales dollar. The higher the amount, the favourable for the organization, as the same is too low, it requires being improved. The same can be improved through assessing the relationship between cash generated from operation and sales. Harvey Norman Analysis of Cash Flow Statement The direct method of cash flow provides details relating to operating cash receipts and payment. In the present scenario, Harvey Norman has adopted the same method for presenting cash flow in its annual report. Further, it has reconciliation statement of cash equivalents as well as cash flow from operating activities in appropriate manner (Halim, Osman and Haniff, 2012). The company is having a policy of preparing cash flow forecast after evaluating all the operations of the business and efforts are made to achieve predetermined goals with the assistance of financial and no-financial key performance indicators of the organization. Table 2: Trend of cash flow from operating activities Year 2016 2015 2014 Cash Flow from operating activities $437.69 million $340.45 million $338.9 million From above provided it can be assessed that Harvey Norman is having an increasing trend of operating cash flows. However despite improved cash flows from operating activities the closing cash balance of company has been decreased by $45.97 million in comparison to balance which was available in a previous year (Annual report of Harvey Norman, 2016). Due to the same reason, the payment higher payment and interest bearing loans have been funded through existing cash reserves rather than eternal debt. Therefore, it can be concluded that debt to equity ratio requires being improved as the same was prominent in previous years. Company Name Harvey Norman Liquidity Ratios Working Capital Ratio 1.26 Cash Flow Adequacy 1.21 Work Capital Ratio: Working Capital ratio assesses whether the company has sufficient short term assets in order to cover its short term debt. In the present case, as the ratio is above one, the same indicates that Harvey Norman Ltd has sufficient current assets in order to pay off short term debts (Healy and Palepu, 2012). Even after paying all the debts, it is having a current asset or positive working capital. It also specifies that sufficient operating liquidity is existing in business. Cash Flow Adequacy Ratio: It is one of the main financial metrics which is applied for evaluating the sufficiency of cash in an organization. In case the ratio is above one; if represents that sufficient liquidity is present in the company for accomplishing required business obligations. It can be concluded from above cash flow adequacy ratio that company will be able to pay off all long term annual debt with existing free cash flows. Company Name Harvey Norman Solvency Ratio Debt to Total Assets 0.39 Debt coverage ratio 1.77 Debt to Total Asset Ratio: Debt to the Total asset can be interpreted as that proportion of organizations asset which is being financed by debt. In the present case, it can be assessed that 39% of the assets are being financed by debt (Ormiston and Fraser, 2013). It can be concluded through the study that company has grown and produced profits in order to expand the assets. Harvey Norman can be said as less leveraged firm, and thus it has required asset for paying off the existing liabilities in case required. Debt Coverage Ratio: It evaluates the amount of cash flow available for payments relating to interest, principal, lease payment and sinking fund. As the debt coverage ratio of Harvey Norman Ltd is approximately near to two, it can be concluded that the company has sufficient operating income in order to pay off debt obligations. Thus, sufficient cash is available for its current interest, principal amount and sinking fund obligations as it is able to generate sufficient revenues for paying the same. Company Name Harvey Norman Profitability Ratios Cash Flow to Sales ratio 0.24 Cash Flow to Sales Ratio: The ratio evaluates the ability of a company to turn its operating cash flow into net revenues. The investor receives an idea through this ratio regarding the capability of the company to turn cash into sales. Net cash flow from the operation has increased 97.24 million, $437.69 which is an increase in comparison to $340.45 million of the prior year (Saunders, Cornett and McGraw, 2006). Even though, company requires to make an effort to improve this ratio by increasing the capacity of converting sales into cash at a higher rate. 3.a Company Name Harvey Norman JB Hi- Fi Liquidity Ratios Working Capital Ratio 1.26 1.57 Cash Flow Adequacy 1.21 1.21 Figure 3: Comparison of Liquidity of both the companies Credit risk can be specified as a risk for not repaying the existing debts. From above table, it can be assessed that JB Hi-Fi is a comparatively better short term credit risk as it has higher working capital ratio. The same represents that it has sufficient funds in comparison to Harvey Norman Ltd for repaying its current debts. 3.b Table 3: Comparative cash ratios Company Name Harvey Norman JB Hi- Fi Cash Flow to Sales ratio 0.24 0.05 Cash Flow Adequacy 1.21 1.21 Table 4: Comparative cash Flow from operating activities Year 2016 2015 2014 JB HI FI $185.14 million $179.89 million $41.326 million Harvey Norman $437.69 million $340.45 million $338.9 million By considering ration analysis of both the companies it can be noticed that company has sufficient cash resource to manage liquidity of business (Strumickas and Valanciene, 2015). Further, cash adequacy ratio of both the entities is similar and having an increasing trend of cash from operational activities. This factor shows improving the capacity of business in terms of cash generating efficiency. 3.cBoth the companies are having sustainable future in the long term as their annual report show future financial plans for further growth and success. Further, financial ratios also do not indicate any sign regarding termination or closure of operational activities in the near future. Management of both the entities are focused on improving their financial and market performance to attain competitive advantage 3.dBy considering the cash flow to sales ratio, it can be cited that Harvey Norman is performing comparatively better than JB HI-FI. Company Name Harvey Norman JB Hi- Fi Cash Flow to Sales ratio 0.24 0.05 References Books and Journals Brigham, E. and Ehrhardt, M., (2013). Financial management: Theory practice. Cengage Learning Chandrasekaran, R., Manimannan, G. and Kumar, C.A., (2013). Assessment of Top Ranking Companions Using Financial Ratios. In International Journal of Engineering Research and Technology. ESRSA Publications. Halim, M.S.A., Osman, O. and Haniff, M.S., (2012). Financial Ratio Analysis: An Assessment of Malaysian Healy, P. and Palepu, K., (2012). Business Analysis Valuation: Using Financial Statements. Cengage Learning. Ormiston, A. and Fraser, L.M., (2013). Understanding financial statements. Pearson Education. Saunders, A., Cornett, M. M., and McGraw, P. A. (2006).Financial institutions management: A risk management approach. McGraw-Hill/Irwin. Strumickas, M. and Valanciene, L., (2015). Development of Modern Management Accounting System. Engineering Economics. 21(4). Online Annual report of JB HI FI. (2016). [PDF]. Available through . [Accessed on 1st September 2017]. Annual report of Harvey Norman. (2016). [PDF]. Available through . [Accessed on 1st September 2017].

Monday, April 6, 2020

Intolerance in to Kill a Mockingbird free essay sample

The theme of intolerance is fully explored in the case of Tom Robinson and the underlying racism shown in the treatment of him. Intolerance is met by all three main characters, Scout, Atticus and Jem but is experience by many of the other supporting characters.  There was no one kind of intolerant person; they all came from different background, which is testimony to the point of the book ‘You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of views. ’ This quote shows that you have no idea why a person does what they do until you experience things from their point of view. This idea is why the trial happened, and explains why Tom was accused of raping Mayella. The racism shown in Maycomb has been a part of the town for a long time and is ingrained in the society’s mindset. †¦I hope and pray I can get Jem and Scout through it without bitterness, and most of all, without catching Maycomb’s usual disease. We will write a custom essay sample on Intolerance in to Kill a Mockingbird or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page ’ When Atticus says usual disease he is referring to his experiences in Maycomb ‘Why reasonable people go stark raving mad when anything involving a Negro comes up, is something I dont pretend to understand’. This shows that from what Atticus can see no matter what happens if something goes wrong with a black person in Maycomb the people will go crazy until they get their way with them whether that be in trial or attack. And due to what is said earlier we assume it has always been this way which would explain why in the novel we see how a person’s race can turn another person against them for no good reason but that they had grown up that way and believing they are superior. In the novel we see how an innocent man is used as an object of elevation to propel an insecure man forward in the judgemental society he lives in. This is done with Bob Ewell and Mayella accusing Tom Robinson of raping Mayella despite it being next to impossible. Bob Ewell takes Tom to court because he is unhappy with his position in society and he and his family are described as filthy humans and uneducated and sees the joy Tom has in his life as an opportunity to propel himself by appealing to Maycomb’s feelings towards Black people. We know this to be true when Bob says something in court that is offensive to appeal to the white folk, ‘†¦I seen that black nigger yonder ruttin’ on my Mayella! ’ after that a ruckus begins meaning Bob succeeded in his plan. This idea of propelling yourself y taking someone else down displays that Bob knows because he is white and Tom is Black he will have the support of the majority, in fact even family members of Atticus support him. Throughout the novel Atticus and his family are judged and condemned for defending a black man, for example the constant comments directed to the children by Mrs Dubose ‘†¦Not only a Finch waiting on tables but one in the court-house la wing for niggers! ’ This shows that the public disapprove of their actions but they are not alone. Because they grew up in Maycomb and didn’t grow as a person like Atticus we see his own family attack and condemn Atticus, ‘I can’t say I approve of everything he does. ’ This quotes shows that even living with Atticus and seeing why he does what he does without being raised by him Alexandra still shows he intolerant views but she is less stern than she was at the beginning of the book ‘’ so we assume she is starting to come and see his ways we know she was fully against him as her own son had picked up on her use of the term ‘†¦nigger-lover. This shows that when a person is exposed to common sense and a fair view of all people they can begin to change. Ultimately throughout Harper Lee’s novel, we see that despite what is good and right the majority of people in the town are intolerant to black people because that is how they were raised. We witness the growth of many characters in the novel from their views to another in part icular Alexandra finally begins to see why her beliefs were bad but we also see Atticus’s children begin to understand all that is wrong with society. Not only that but we witness people take advantage of people for their own gains ignoring all rational and fair thoughts. To Kill a Mockingbird is a story about people no understanding why people do what they do, which relates to the central quotes of the novel, book ‘You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of views. ’ Harry Adam.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Orientalism essays

Orientalism essays There is no way to divide the world into us and them and still avoid conflict between the two groups, yet this is how the world has been seen through the eyes of some for much of history. People try to define themselves by that which they are not, and in the case of the Orient, these people saw others who were completely different from them. The cultural and religious differences made it easy to separate themselves from the Orient, but according to the west, the differences did not stop there. The Oriental seemed physically or mentally different. The western world looked at the intricacies of the east, and labeled them different and inferior. The Newtonian Revolution presented a good argument for this point of view. The Orient was stuck in the past, and resistant to change. In this way, the people of the Orient seemed to be behind the rest of the world This supposed difference in thinking boiled down to how people viewed the world around them. Henry Kissinger describes it like this in his essay Domestic Structure and Foreign Policy. Cultures which escaped the early impact of Newtonian thinking have retained the essentially pre-Newtonian view that the real world is almost completely internal to the observer... Bernard Cohen describes it in his book The Newtonian Revolution as follows. The signs of the revolution can also be seen in internal aspects of science: aims, methods, results. Bacon and Descartes agreed on one aim of the new science, that the fruits of scientific investigation would be the improvement of mans condition here on earth: agriculture, medicine, navigation and transportation, communication, warfare, manufacturing, mining. Many Scientists of the seventeenth century held an older point of view, that the pursuit of scientific understanding of nature was practical insofar as it might advance mans comprehen...

Friday, February 21, 2020

Sports logo Essay Example | Topics and Well Written Essays - 500 words

Sports logo - Essay Example It was established 54 years ago, and the present-day sports logo of the team did not undergo significant changes since then. Today Minnesota Vikings looks a little bit different from what it used to be in 1961, when the team was founded under its present name. However, the image of a Norseman or Viking, which is a core symbol of the team, has left untouched with minor changes being introduced since the day one of its existence. It was altered first in 1965, when the face of the Norseman was turned from left to right and new colors were added, not mention the slight change of the size of the image. The next time it was upgraded in 2013, when the shape of two horns on the helmet of the Norseman were slightly changed, as well as facial features that became a little bit more sharpened than before. The dominant colors of the present-day Minnesota Vikings sports logo are yellow, purple or velvet and white. The hair and the helmet of the Norseman are of yellow color, while the horns on the helmet are white with black tips. There is a velvet string on the helmet, which contrasts the dominant color wheel of the image to a certain extent. The gradation of direction of the image, obviously, aims at adding movement to the Norsemans shape. The oblique lines of the face might suggest the readiness for action; while a horizontal line that is seen in Norsemans helmet might suggest stability, which symbolizes self-confidence. The texture of the image is hard and rough. The sports logo containing the image of a Viking as a symbol of a Minneapolis football team was first used in 1960. The owners of the newly created American football team, Minnesota Vikings, decided to use this very logo as the image of a team mainly because Minnesota is a state being famous nationwide for a large portion of American population originated from Scandinavian countries. In fact, almost ten million